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Sie sind hier: FRIAS Veranstaltungen Lunch Lectures Former Lectures

Former Lectures

Paradigm Shifts in Science - 2015/16

Buhmann_LLA paradigm, according to the historian of science Thomas Kuhn, is a set of practices that defines a scientific discipline at any particular period of time. For him, a paradigm is not constituted primarily by theory, but defined by "universally recognized scientific achievements that, for a time, provide model problems and solutions for a community of practitioners” (The Structure of Scientific Revolutions 1962). This involves such key issues of scientific research as defining the object or problem of investigation, the questions to be asked, predictions to be tested, methods to be used, results to be interpreted, etc. Furthermore, according to Kuhn, all sciences have been, and continue to be, subject to fundamental changes and re-evaluations, resulting in paradigm shifts which may ultimately trigger scientific revolutions.

In the current Lunch Lecture series, FRIAS Fellows from the humanities, the social sciences, and the natural and life sciences will address questions including the following: Which paradigm shift(s) has the relevant discipline experienced in the course of past 50 years? What was their nature, which basic assumptions did/do they challenge, which effects did/do they have? To what extent has technological progress, notably the digital revolution, contributed to that? Are paradigm shifts in the humanities and social sciences of a different nature than in the natural and life sciences? Can paradigm shifts involve scientific progress? To what extent can new paradigms incorporate elements of old paradigms?

The FRIAS Lunch Lectures 2015/16 have dealt with these questions in a range of lectures. Speakers included fellows from various discipline such as political science, physics, Islamic studies, mathematics and more.

22. Oktober 2015                      

               

Paradigm Shifts in Linguistics

Prof. Dr. Bernd Kortmann (Linguistics) and Prof. Dr. Peter Mühlhäusler

05. November 2015

Paradigm Shifts in Physics

Dr. Stefan Buhmann (Physics)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

19. November 2015

The Ontological Turn in Contemporary Political Theory

Dr. Benoit Dillet (Political Science)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

03. Dezember 2015

Humanities Beyond the Human: The Ecological Turn in Literary Studies

Prof. Dr. Kate Rigby (Literary Studies)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

17. Dezember 2015

Paradigm Shifts in Economics

Prof. Dr. Riccardo Leoncini (Economics)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

21. Januar 2016

From the Study of Islam to the Study of Muslims - Paradigm Shifts in Islamic Studies

Prof. Dr. Johanna Pink (Islamic Studies)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

04. Februar 2016

Paradigm Shifts in History

Prof. Dr. Franz-Josef Brüggemeier (History)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

28. April 2016

Paradigm Shifts in Neurosciences?

Prof. Dr. Ad Aertsen (Neurosciences)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

12. Mai 2016

Paradigm Shifts in Electronics

Prof. Dr. Ilia Polian (Informatics)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

09. Juni 2016

Paradigm Shifts in Mathematics

Prof. Dr. Stefan Kebekus (Mathematics)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

23. Juni 2016

Paradigm Shifts in Biology: From Descriptive to Automated Biology

Prof. Dr. Robert Murphy (Computational Biology)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

21. Juli 2016

Paradigm Shifts - The View from Science Studies

Prof. Dr. Veronika Lipphardt (Science Studies)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

Challenges of an Ageing Society - 2016

Henriette_HerwigDue to better living conditions and health care systems in western countries we observe increased life expectancies of respective populations. With age, disease incidents also increase and individual fitness decreases, generating higher costs and bearing high socio-economic risks for western societies. Whereas, historically, aging has been regarded as a personal matter, ageing societies are nowadays regarded as a threat for our way of living. Thus, ageing societies and their implications are discussed in virtually all disciplines, ranging from medicine and natural sciences to economy, philosophy and ethics studies. Within the FRIAS Lunch Lecture Series an interdisciplinary approach will be taken bringing together experts from all of the above mentioned fields. The goal is to give a comprehensive overview of the Challenges of Ageing Societies.

In this Lunch Lecture mini-series during the summer term 2016, FRIAS has invited renowned scholars and scientists who have addressed questions including the following:
Which are the clinical challenges of an ageing society? What will our society look like in the year 2100? How is ageing discussed and regarded in different societies and eras? Which challenges may arise in communicating with old people? Is our health care system close to collapse due to increased health care costs of the ageing society? Which implications does the recruitment of nursing staff from our eastern European neighbors has on our relationship to these countries?

02. Juni 2016

                      

Repräsentationen von Alter und Demenz in der Literatur der Gegenwart

Prof. Dr. Henriette Herwig (German Studies)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

16. Juni 2016

System-Medizin des Alterns

Dr. Melanie Börries (Medicine)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

30. Juni 2016

Internal Defense Strategies against Age

Dr. Pierre-Louis Tharaux (Medicine)

14. Juli 2016

Arzneimitteltherapie im Alter: Polypharmazie und Arzneimittelsicherheit

Prof. Dr. Klaus Aktories (Pharmacology)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

Ignorance - 2016/17

This lunch lecture series has led us to the frontiers of research, its greatest challenge and, some may say, its greatest enemy: what it is that we don't know, and that maybe we will never know! Or: that we don't know yet! Or: that we don't even know yet that we don't know! Or: that we don't want, or should not want, to know! Or: that we are not supposed to know! And in the latter case: who then is it who doesn't want us (academics, ultimately society) to know?

From the different perspectives of a highly diverse set of academic disciplines and research cultures, FRIAS Fellows have addressed these and other questions relevant for shedding light on ignorance — including its epistemology (which involves issues like its conditions and variation), ethics (which involves issues like self-censorship), politics (which involves issues like agenda setting or censorship), economics (which involves issues like the campaigning power of large companies or sectors of industry), or sociology (which involves issues like the (lacking) impact of science on society and the question what kind of knowledge society wants to share, or see produced, and which rather not). The lecture series has also built on recent research in the fields of „ignorance studies“ and „agnotology“, which tackles the production of ignorance, for example ignorance about the dangers of climate change, smoking, nuclear power, fracking, or sugar in soft drinks. Ignorance is nothing to be ignored! It has many fascinating dimensions, as we shall see and explore, in science as much as in society.

Some literature recommendations:

  • Groß, Matthias/Linsey McGoey (2015), Routledge International Handbook of Ignorance Studies. Rutledge
  • the first 80 pages from: Matthias Groß (2010), Ignorance and Surprise, MIT Press
  • Proctor, Robert/ Schiebinger, Londa eds. (2008): Agnotology. The Making and Unmaking of Ignorance. Stanford University Press: Standford
  • Böschen, Stefan/Wehling, Peter (2010): Scientific Nonknowledge and Its Political Dynamics: The Cases of Agri-Biotechnology and Mobile Phoning. in: Science, Technology, & Human Values 35(6) 783-811

                    

10. November 2016

Ignorance Studies & their relevance for Science Studies and Society

Prof. Dr. Bernd Kortmann (Linguistics) and Veronika Lipphardt (Science and Technology Studies)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

24. November 2016

Epigenetics = Ubergenetics

Prof. Dr. A. Ganesan (University of East Anglia, Chemie)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

08. Dezember 2016


"Ignorance" and the Middle East. Deconstructing the present through its past.

Dr. Lorenzo Kamel (Harvard University, History and Islamic Studies)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

15. Dezember 2016

Ignorance in (Social) Networks

Prof. Dr. Olaf Rank (Wirtschaftswissenschaften)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

12. Januar 2017

Knowing, Not Knowing, and the Quest for Understanding: Ignorance and Literary Hermeneutics

Dr. Dustin Breitenwischer (Nordamerikastudien)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

26. Januar 2017

Poking our ecological ignorance

Prof. Dr. Diego P. Vázquez (Biologie)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

09. Februar 2017

God.

Jun.-Prof. Dr. Bernhard Spielberg (Katholische Theologie)

Fear - 2017

“Nothing in life is to be feared, it is only to be understood. Now is the time to understand more, so that we may fear less”, Marie Skłodowska Curie reportedly once said. Especially in these times, Europe seems to be more obsessed with fear than with understanding.

Fear belongs to a small set of basic, hardly controllable emotions, and is induced by real, perceived, or anticipated physical or emotional danger, especially a threat to body or life. More often, however, we fear situations that are far from life-or-death. Fear response (most notably fleeing, hiding, or freezing) has played an important part in evolution since appropriate behavioral responses to fear serve survival. There are rational and irrational fears, individual and collective fears. In post-WW II European societies, especially the societies of Western Europe, for example, fear predominantly became something very individual, and typically did not involve fear for one’s life or the lives of one’s family. But just in the course of the last two years fear seems to have been spreading fast in large parts of European societies – and not only there. Collective fears have become reality again.

What do different academic disciplines have to say on this issue? In 8 different Lunch Lectures, FRIAS Fellows from disciplines as diverse as economics, film studies, medieval studies, political theory, sociology, psychology, psychiatry and psychotherapy will reflect on the role of fear, its origins, consequences and meanings, in the present and in the past.

 4. Mai 2017

The economics of fear: applications from the literature on the economics of terror

Prof. Dr. Günther Schulze (Wirtschaftswissenschaften)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

18. Mai 2017

Pleasure and Fear at the Movies

Prof. Dr. Barbara Mennel (University of Florida, Germanistik)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

1. Juni 2017

Landscape of fear: a bridge across disciplines?

Dr. Luca Corlatti (University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Verhaltensökologie) and Mario De Cristofaro

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

22. Juni 2017

The final countdown: Mapping apocalyptic thought in the early Middle Ages

Prof. Dr. Immo Warntjes (Trinity College Dublin, Geschichte)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

29. Juni 2017

Anxiety Disorders: From basic research to psychotherapy

Prof. Dr. Brunna Tuschen-Caffier

6. Juli 2017

Fear: The hidden driver of modern political thinking

Prof. Dr. Martin Loughlin (London School of Economics, Recht)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

13. Juli 2017

The Epigenetics of Fear

Prof. Dr. Katharina Domschke

20. Juli 2017

Governing fear: resilience as antidote to a catastrophic future

Prof. Dr. Stefan Kaufmann

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

Quantitative vs. qualitative methods across sciences - 2017/18

Quantitative vs. qualitative methods across sciences: mutual reinforcement, (un)happy co-existence, or source of schisms?

At a time when in most sciences (including the humanities and social sciences) quantitative methods have come to play a central role, it should be explored which role qualitative methods (still) play in different disciplines, in terms of research questions, trends and schools of research, the publication of research results and, not least, in the training of Master and PhD students. Questions to be addressed by FRIAS fellows and members of FRIAS project groups from a wide range of disciplines include the following:

  • In which disciplines have both types of methods played a role alongside each other for a rather long time, and what consequences has this had on these disciplines?
  • In which disciplines have quantitative methods made inroads largely due to the IT and internet revolutions, and what consequences has this had?
  • Is the relationship between (schools of) researchers primarily or exclusively working with one or the other type of methods one of mutual recognition and support, or rather one of tension, skepticism and, ultimately, rejection?
  • Has the quantitative turn of the last few decades led to new alliances across disciplines, possibly even bridging traditional divides between the natural, life, and behavioral sciences, on the one hand, and the humanities and social sciences, on the other hand?
  • Does this fundamental methodological debate (or, in the worst case, battle) have the power to decide about the future of early-career researchers?

 

 

23. November 2017

Unhealthy Habits: Unlearning Methodological Divisions to Enable the Study of Drug-using Social Worlds

Prof. Nancy Campbell (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, History of Science and Technology)

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

7. Dezember 2017

Mixed methods in interdisciplinary collaborations: A case study in Populations Genetics

Prof. Veronika Lipphardt, University College Freiburg, Science & Technology Studies

Prof. Peter Pfaffelhuber, University of Freiburg, Department of Mathematical Stochastics

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

15. Dezember 2017

Research in Legal Science

Prof. Dr. Lorena Bachmaier, Complutense University Madrid, Legal Science 

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

11. Januar 2018

Reflecting on the quantitative turn in Linguistics

Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Bernd Kortmann, FRIAS Director, University of Freiburg, English Linguistics 

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

18. Januar 2018

Life in the marine realm - counting microbes... and what else?

Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Hess, University of Freiburg, Genetics and Experimental Bioinformatics

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

25. Januar 2018

Data Collection and Data Analysis in the Social Sciences

Prof. Dr. Diana Panke, University of Freiburg, Multi-Level Governance 

Video-Podcast des Vortrags

 8. Februar 2018

"Mixed methods" in Clinical Psychology - in research and everyday practice


Prof. Dr. Anna Buchheim, University of Innsbruck, Psychology 

Video-Podcast des Vortrags



Ignorance - 2018

Ignorance - what we don't know

This lunch lecture series leads us to the frontiers of research, its greatest challenge and, some may say, its greatest enemy: what it is that we don't know, and that maybe we will never know! Or: that we don't know yet! Or: that we don't even know yet that we don't know! Or: that we don't want, or should not want, to know! Or: that we are not supposed to know! And in the latter case: who then is it who doesn't want us (academics, ultimately society) to know?
From the different perspectives of a highly diverse set of academic disciplines and research cultures, FRIAS Fellows will address these and other questions relevant for shedding light on ignorance. With the introductory lecture by Matthias Groß, co-editor of the “Routledge Handbook of Ignorance Studies”, the lecture series will also build on recent research in the fields of „ignorance studies“ and „agnotology“. The latter tackles the production of ignorance, for example ignorance about the dangers of climate change, smoking, nuclear power, fracking, or sugar in soft drinks.

Ignorance is nothing to be ignored! It has many fascinating dimensions, as we shall see and explore, in science as much as in society.

Some literature recommendations:

  • Groß, Matthias/McGoey, Linsey eds. (2015), Routledge International Handbook of Ignorance Studies. Routledge.
  • the first 80 pages from: Groß, Matthias (2010), Ignorance and Surprise. MIT Press.
  • Proctor, Robert/Schiebinger, Londa eds. (2008), Agnotology. The Making and Unmaking of Ignorance. Stanford University Press.
  • Böschen, Stefan/Wehling, Peter (2010): Scientific Nonknowledge and Its Political Dynamics: The Cases of Agri-Biotechnology and Mobile Phoning. in: Science, Technology, & Human Values 35(6), 783-811.
  • Firestein, Stuart (2012), Ignorance: How it Drives Science. Oxford University Press.

 

May 3, 2018

Back to the Unknown: How Ignorance can be Useful

Prof. Dr. Matthias Groß, Department of Urban and Environmental Sociology, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ Leipzig

Video Podcast des Vortrags
May 17, 2018

Answering a Question is (Usually) a Hopeless Task

Dr. Oliver Bräunling, Mathematics, University of Freiburg

Video Podcast des Vortrags

June 7, 2018

“Father of Ignorance”: How and Why Marginal Figures within Islam Remain Marginal

Dr. Majid Daneshgar, Religion and Islamic Studies, University of Otago

Video Podcast des Vortrags
June 14, 2018

Hidden Rituals in Medicine

Dr. phil. Stefan Schmidt, Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Freiburg

Video Podcast des Vortrags
June 21, 2018

The Quantum Veil of Ignorance: Fundamental Limits to our Knowledge about the Microscopic World

Video Podcast des Vortrages
June 28, 2018

Ignorance and the Law: the Unknown, the Ignored and the Secret

Prof. Dr. Lorena Bachmaier, Law, Complutense University of Madrid

Video Podcast des Vortrags
July 5, 2018

Ignorance and Inconvenient Truths: How the Placebo Effect Became the Nemesis of Psychopharmacology

Prof. Dr. Anne Harrington, History of Science and Medicine, Harvard University

Video Podcast des Vortrags
July 12, 2018

On the Ignorance of Burdens and Benefits of Taxation: Fiscal Illusions and Tax Justice

Prof. Dr. Paolo Silvestri, Legal and Political Philosophy, University of Torino

Coming soon...

July 19, 2018

The Myth of Ignorance in Biology

Prof. Dr. Gunther Neuhaus, Vice Rector and Vice-President for Research, University of Freiburg

Video Podcast des Vortrages

Shifting Perspectives - 2018/19

Shifting Perspectives: When the Margins Become the Center

In scholarly work, what is the “center”, and what is on the “margins”? Who decides? How are such distinctions enforced? How pronounced is this dichotomy, which is deliberately put in inverted commas, in different disciplines? What does the world of science and scholarship miss by neglecting the so-called “margins”? How can the issue of lacking resources for “outsiders” be addressed, especially in the experimental sciences? And what role do geographical imbalances in knowledge production and sharing play, be it between the global north and south, or between west and east?

The task of this new lunch lecture series is to invite leading scholars to (1) reflect on the ways in which, in their respective fields, some approaches, sources, methods, questions, stakeholders and areas of the world are judged to be central / mainstream and others judged to be marginal and (2) to ask what could happen if their respective fields were to engage in a process of strategic “decentering”? How might science and scholarship become more innovative, more global, more equitable, and conceptually richer if their so-called “margins” were no longer dismissed as marginal?

November 29, 2018

From the Margins to the Center: The Case of Philosophical Anthropology

Prof. Dr. Oliver Müller, Philosophy, University of Freiburg

Video-Podcast des Vortrags
December 6, 2018

Lowering Asymmetries in Global Knowledge Production

Prof. Dr. Andreas Mehler, Political Science, University of Freiburg

Video-Podcast des Vortrags
December 13, 2018

Centering the Margins in Experimental Sciences

Prof. Dr. Cecile King, Immunology, The Gravan Institute for Medical Research

Video-Podcast des Vortrags
January 10, 2019

The ‘End of Metaphysics‘? Decentering and Recentering in the History of Modern Thought

JunProf. Dr. Philipp Schwab, Philosophy, University of Freiburg

Video-Podcast des Vortrags
January 24, 2019

Watching China’s Rise from the Academic Margins

Prof. Dr. Daniel Leese, Sinology, University of Freiburg

Video-Podcast des Vortrags
January, 31 2019

Shifting Perspectives in History: Women’s History, Gender History, Intersectionality

Dr. Anne-Laure Briatte, History, Sorbonne University

Video-Podcast des Vortrags
February 7, 2019

Iconic Crusoe

Prof. Dr. Sandro Jung, English Literature, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics