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Research Seminar FRIAS Research Focus Quantum Transport - Marcus Elstner: Simulation of charge transfer in complex systems: Merging model Hamitonian approaches with electronic structure calculations and classical molecular dynamics simulations.

Wann 16.06.2015
von 16:00 bis 19:00
Wo FRIAS, Albertstr. 19, Seminarraum
Kontakttelefon 0761 203 97362
Teilnehmer universitätsoffen/open to university members
Termin übernehmen vCal

In the last years, we have developed a computational methodology to simulate charge transfer processes in complex systems. First applications were concerned with charge transfer in DNA, which has received much attention in the last years due to its role in oxidative damage and repair in DNA, but also due to possible applications of DNA in nano-electronics. Currently, we are extending and applying the methodology to study CT in organic materials.

Charge-transfer (CT) parameters are computed using a fragment orbital approach applying the approximate Density Functional method SCC-DFTB (1,2). Environmental effects are captured using a combined quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) coupling scheme and dynamical effects are included by evaluating these CT parameters along extensive classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Using this methodology, the time course of the hole can be followed by propagating the hole wave function using the time dependent Schrödinger equation for the Tight Binding Hamiltonian (3), which can also be used to compute the transmission and current through DNA nano-wires (4).

  1. Kubař and M. Elstner, "Efficient algorithms for the simulation of non-adiabatic electron transfer in complex molecular systems: application to DNA" Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2013, 15, 5794-581
  2. Tomáš Kubař, Rafael Gutiérrez, Ulrich Kleinekathöfer, Gianaurelio Cuniberti, Marcus Elstner "Modeling charge transport in DNA using multi-scale methods" physica status solidi (b) 250 (2013) 2277.
  3. Gesa Lüdemann , Ilia A. Solov’yov, Tomáš Kubař  and Marcus Elstner, "Solvent Driving Force Ensures Fast Formation of a Persistent and Well-Separated Radical Pair in Plant Cryptochrome", J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2015, 137 (3), pp 1147
  4. B. Popescu et al., Time-Dependent View of Sequential Transport through Molecules with Rapidly Fluctuating Bridges, PRL 109 (2012) 17680