Sie sind hier: FRIAS School of Soft Matter … Veranstaltungen 11th Hermann Staudinger Lecture …

11th Hermann Staudinger Lecture with Nobel Laureate Werner Arber: "From Microbial Genetics to Molecular Genetics and to Molecular Evolution"

Wann 19.01.2012
von 16:15 bis 18:00
Wo tba
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Teilnehmer Open to the public
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Werner Arber
Biozentrum, University of Basel, Switzerland


From Microbial Genetics to Molecular Genetics and to Molecular Evolution

Bacterial genetics had its fulgurant start in the 1940's with the discoveries that genetic information is carried on DNA molecules and that bacterial viruses and plasmids can serve as natural gene vectors. When bacterial restriction endonucleases became available, genetic engineering was introduced around 1970 and this facilitated molecular genetic investigations. In order to evaluate long-term evolutionary risks of genetic engineering it became clear that natural mechanisms of spontaneous genetic variation had to be understood at the molecular level and compared with the strategies of genetic engineering. Again, microbial genetic approaches revealed that many different molecular mechanisms contribute to the overall genetic variation, the driving force of biological evolution. Specific enzymes serving as variation generators and/or as modulators of the rates of genetic variation are thereby involved together with non-genetic elements. Philosophical and practical implications of these insights into the natural process of biological evolution will be discussed..