Aliens, Enemy Aliens, Citizenship Issues and Property Rights in WWI
19.01.2012 um 14:00 bis
20.01.2012 um 18:00
|Wo||FRIAS Seminarraum EG, Albertstr. 19|
Concept and Organisation: Daniela Luigia Caglioti, External Senior Fellow
According to many scholars the 20th century has been the era of the “identification revolution”. These scholars consider WWI a watershed, which stopped the globalization process and lessened the freedom of movement people enjoyed in previous decades. In fact, the war played an important role in setting the pace toward a more controlled world made of borders, barriers, identity cards and passports, accelerating the trend toward a narrower conception of citizenship and toward its "ethnicization".
The workshop intends to bring together historians of migration, citizenship, and minorities in Western and Eastern Europe in order to discuss the anti-alienism, which developed during WWI, and the changes which took place in both legislation and practices during the war and in its immediate aftermath. In particular we shall discuss different case studies with the aim of building a general picture, comparing and integrating Western and Eastern Europe; multiethnic, multireligious and multilingual areas with more homogenous ones. In particular, we want to understand whether or not all the countries experienced during the war an “ethnic turn”; how did nationalism, accompanied also by economic consideration, inspire the measures against enemy aliens and internal enemies and in what measure liberalism, rule of law and international law affected, or not, the policies (and their implementation) of the belligerent states. By focusing on the consequences of the policies regarding enemy aliens, we shall also endeavour to understand whether or not the war helped the establishment of a pattern of behaviour toward civilians and enemy civilians in particular, which was implemented again in the interwar period, in WWII, and, albeit with many differences, also in the recent decade.