Dr. Cornelius Torp
European University Institute
Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS)
School of History
1997 M.A. in History, Sociology and Economics at University of Bielefeld; 1997 Research Fellow, University of Bielefeld; 1998-1999 Dissertation Fellowship, University of Bielefeld; 2000-2001 Research Fellowship, Postgraduate Research Programme [Graduiertenkolleg], University of Bielefeld; 2001 Visiting Scholar, London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE), Department of International History; 2001 Research Fellowship, German Historical Institute, London; 2001-present Lecturer, Department of History, Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg; 2002-present Member of the Editorial Board, European Review of History; 2004 Dr. phil. in History at University of Halle; 2007-2008 Jean Monnet Fellow, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute, Florence; 2009-2011 Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship (FP 7-PEOPLE-IEF), Department of History and Civilization and Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute, Florence; 09/2011-09/2012 FRIAS Fellowship
PUBLICATIONS (10 selected)
- Die Herausforderung der Globalisierung. Wirtschaft und Politik in Deutschland 1860-1914 [Challenges of Globalization. Economy and Politics in Germany 1860-1914]. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2005.
- Max Weber und die preußischen Junker [Max Weber and the Prussian Junkers]. Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1998.
- Imperial Germany Revisited. Continuing Debates and New Perspectives. New York: Berghahn Books, 2010 (with S.O. Müller).
- Transnational Spaces in History (= European Review of History 16 (2009), No. 5). Oxford: Routledge, 2009 (with M.G. Müller).
- “Imperial Germany under Globalization.” In Imperial Germany Revisited. Continuing Debates and New Perspectives, edited by Sven Oliver Müller and Cornelius Torp, 297-312. New York: Berghahn Books 2011.
- “Gerechtigkeitsprinzipien in der Konstruktion sozialer Sicherung [Justice Principles in the Construction of Social Security].“ In Soziale Ungleichheit im Sozialstaat. Die Bundesrepublik Deutschland und Großbritannien im Vergleich, edited by Hans Günter Hockerts and Winfried Süß, 117-137. München: Oldenbourg Verlag, 2010.
- “The ‘Coalition of ‘Rye and Iron’’ under the Pressure of Globalization. A Reinterpretation of Germany’s Political Economy before 1914.” Central European History 43 (2010): 401-427.
- “The Great Transformation: German Economy and Society 1850-1914”. In The Oxford Handbook of Modern German History, edited by Helmut Walser Smith, 336-358. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.
- “Conceptualising Transnational Spaces in History.” European Review of History 16 (2009): 609-617 (with M.G. Müller).
- “Weltwirtschaft vor dem Weltkrieg: Die erste Welle ökonomischer Globalisierung vor 1914 [World Economy before the World War. The First Wave of Economic Globalization].” Historische Zeitschrift 279 (2004): 561-609.
"Inequality and Social Justice. Old Age in the British and German Welfare States since 1945"
The project seeks to explore the relationship between structures of inequality and perceptions of social justice in the modern welfare state across two periods: the three decades of its “Golden Age” after World War II, and the still ongoing period of welfare state retrenchment since the 1970s. It focuses on the social and living conditions of old people who, despite their steadily growing number and importance, still constitute a neglected group in social history. Since their fate lies at the heart of social policy, a considerable part of the debates about inequality and social justice in the last sixty years has centered around the elderly. At the same time these discussions formed the central place where general questions of distributive justice have been closely connected with problems of generational and gender justice.
As an exercise in cross-national comparative history, the project compares the historical developments in Great Britain and the Federal Republic of Germany. Both countries are highly industrialized western democracies, and both faced similar challenges; but they diverged notably in their acceptance of inequality, in their modes of societal self-description, and in the model of the welfare state to which they subscribed.
The research project has two major analytical dimensions. On the one hand, it sets out to explore the social history of older people in Britain and Germany since 1945. On the other, it asks how the analysed structures of inequality have been perceived and articulated in terms of justice. Scrutinizing the relationship between both spheres simultaneously makes the institutional setting of the welfare state a focal point of attention not only because questions of distributive justice are at the very core of its normative foundation but also because the welfare state is the central institution through which politically influential concepts of redistributive social justice directly affect societal structures.