Ringvorlesung der Projektgruppe "Language Dynamics Across the Life Span"
von 14:15 bis 15:45
|Wo||FRIAS, Albertstr. 19, Seminarraum|
öffentlich / open to the public
Discourse and Aging: Considering Changes in Microlinguistic and Macrolinguistic Processes
Heather Harris Wright (East Carolina University)
Discourse is defined as any language “beyond the boundaries of isolated sentences” (Ultowska & Olness, 2004, p. 300), and it allows people to do communicate; tease each other, create, share feelings, and make plans for the future. Yet discourse requires more than simply generating a continuous stream of linguistic elements. Discourse production requires both microlinguistic elements and processes that are traditionally associated with the field of linguistics and macrolinguistic elements and processes to produce a coherent message. The focus of this presentation is to review how micro- and macrolinguistic processes change and are maintained within discourse as people age. Micro- and macrolinguistic processes within aging research are reviewed. For microlinguistic, the focus is lexical diversity, which can be defined as the range of vocabulary used by a person within a discourse sample. For the macrolinguistic process, the focus is coherence, which can be defined as how discourse is connected and organized beyond the grammar of a sentence. For both lexical diversity and coherence, current research findings, common analysis techniques, what occurs to these processes as we age, and the cognitive and linguistic systems that underpin these aspects of discourse are discussed.