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Sie sind hier: FRIAS School of History Fellows Prof. Dr. Horst Carl

Prof. Dr. Horst Carl

Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
Fellow
01.10.11-31.07.12

Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS)
School of History

    CV

    Born 1959; 1977 Reinhold Schneider Award; 1984 Master in History, Philosophy and German at Universities of Bonn and Tübingen; 1979-84, 1985-1987 Scholarships awarded by Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes ; 1989 Dr. phil. in History at University of Tübingen; 1987-88 Scholarship awarded by the Institute for European History, Mainz; 1990-1997 Assistant Professor, University of Tübingen; 1998-2001 Research Assistant, Collaborativ Research Centre “Experiences of War”; 1998 PD, Habilitation in Medieval and Modern History at University of Tübingen; 2001 Visiting Lecturer, University of Aix-Marseilles III; 2001 Full Professor in Early Modern History, University of Giessen; 2001 Member of the Board of the Section “Early Modern Era” of the German Historians’ Association; 2002 Founding Director of the DFG Research Training Group “Transnational Media Events”; 2003 Schiller Award, Marbach; 2003 Co-Chair of the DFG Research Training Group “Transnational Media Events”; 2003 Co-Chair of the Collaborative Research Centre “Memory; 2004 Member of the international research project and network on “Nations, Borders and Identities: The Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars in European Experience and Memory”; 2005 Deputy Chairman, research network “Military and Society in Early Modern Times”; 2005 Member of the DFG Grants Committee on Collaborative Research Centres; since 2006 Graduate Studies Executive of the International Graduate Centre for the Study of Culture (GCSC); since 2007 Advisory board member at the DHI Paris; since 2008 Advisory board member of the VHD (Association of German Historians); since 2009 Member of the research group “Communities of violence”; 10/2011-07/2012 FRIAS fellowship

     

    PUBLICATIONS

    Books:

    • Okkupation und Regionalismus. Die preußischen Westprovinzen im Siebenjährigen Krieg. Mainz 1993 (Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Europäische Geschichte Mainz, Abt. Universalgeschichte, Bd. 150).
    • Der Schwäbische Bund 1488–1534. Landfrieden und Genossenschaft im Übergang vom Spätmittelalter zur Reformation, Leinfelden 2000 (Schriften zur südwestdeutschen Landeskunde 25).


    Editions:

    • gemeinsam mit Nikolaus Buschmann (Hg.), Die Erfahrung des Krieges. Erfahrungsgeschichtliche Perspektiven von der Französischen Revolution bis zum Zweiten Weltkrieg, Paderborn 2001 (Krieg in der Geschichte 9).
    • gemeinsam mit Henning Kortüm, Dieter Langewiesche und Friedrich Lenger (Hgg.), Kriegsniederlagen. Erfahrungen und Erinnerungen, Berlin 2004.
    • gemeinsam mit Martin Wrede (Hg.), Zwischen Schande und Ehre. Erinnerungsbrüche und die Kontinuität des Hauses. Legitimationsmuster und Traditionsverständnis des frühneuzeitlichen Adels in Umbruch und Krise (Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Europäische Geschichte Mainz. Abt. Universalgeschichte, Beih. Bd. 73), Mainz 2007.
    • gemeinsam mit Joachim Eibach (Hg.), Europäische Wahrnehmungen 1650-1850. Interkulturelle Kommunikation und Medienereignisse (The Formation of Europe/Historische Formationen Europas vol. 3), Hannover 2008.


    Articles:

    • Der Mythos des Befreiungskrieges. Die „martialische Nation“ im Zeitalter der Revolutions- und Befreiungskriege 1792–1815, in: Dieter Langewiesche/ Georg Schmidt (Hgg.), Föderative Nation. Deutschlandkonzepte von der Reformation bis zum Ersten Weltkrieg, München 2000, S. 62–83.
    • Identische Akteure – unterschiedliche Kommunikationsprofile. Schwäbische Bundestage und Reichstage in der Epoche Maximilians I. im Vergleich, in: Maximilian Lanzinner/Arno Strohmeyer (Hgg.), Der Reichstag 1486–1613: Kommunikation – Wahrnehmung – Öffentlichkeiten, München 2006, S. 29–54.
    • Religion and the Perception of War – a Comparative Approach to Belgium, the Netherlands and the Rhineland, in: Alan Forrest/ Karen Hagemann/ Jane Rendall (eds.), Soldiers, Citizens and Civilians. Experiences and Perceptions of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, 1790-1820 (War, Culture and Society, 1750-1850), Cambridge 2008, S. 222–242.
    • Des ennemies familiers: arrangements avec les Français pendant la Guerre de Sept Ans et les guerres révolutionnaires, in: Jean-François Chanet, Christian Windler (eds.), Les ressources des faibles. Neutralités, accomodements en temps de guerre (XVIe-XVIIIe siècles), Rennes 2009, p. 361–383.
    • „Pavillon de Hanovre“ – Korruption im Militär im 18. Jahrhundert, in:  Ronald Asch/Birgit Emich/ Jens Ivo Engels (Hg.), Integration – Legitimation – Korruption. Politische Patronage in Früher Neuzeit und Moderne, Frankfurt et. al. 2011, S. 233–246.

     

    FRIAS RESEARCH PROJECT

    "Gewaltgemeinschaften – ethnisch und landsmannschaftlich homogene Kriegergruppen und Söldnerverbände auf europäischen Kriegsschauplätzen der Frühen Neuzeit"

    My project is part of a research network that explores groups or social networks which are defined or define themselves by use of collective physical violence. The focus is set on direct physical violence, exercised or threatened, rather than on abstract forms of authority or force. Such incidences are not, or at least not solely, to be seen as arbitrary outrage of amorphous violence. Instead, the exercise of violence is believed to follow distinct rules and patterns. These patterns do not only apply to the actors, they also tie the groups, which use these types of violence to a specific role within (or outside of) the overall societal structure they are surrounded by. We characterise those groups as “communities of violence”.  The scope of the overall project extends from gothic warrior groups of late antiquity to street gangs in contemporary metropolises.

    As an early modern historian with special interest in new approaches to military history my topic is warrior groups, recruited from European peripheral areas or frontier regions, which fought on central European battlefields from the 16th  to 18th  century, such as Scottish or Irish mercenaries or Croats  and Cossacks. In the form of case studies with a particular focus on the Thirty Years´ War my research analyses the motivation and legitimisation of violence within these groups and how they were perceived by their contemporaries. Therefore a focal point is the relation between the ethnicity and collective violence of those “strange groups” –  how can a clash of different cultures of violence be analysed, and to what extent are the sources influenced by well known stereotypes?

    Closer examination will finally be given to the limits of violence and on the way groups coped with violent behaviour and the consequences of it: The hypothesis is that the formation of an European public international law, especially the early modern “ius in bello”, needed those “strange” violence as its counterpart. Hence, the methodological layout combines micro- and macrohistorical perspectives as well as phenomenological and aetiological approaches.